Points of View and Comparing

For each sections :

Section 1 : Greek Art because without the Greeks Art of work like the tombs, buildings and other things. We would not have what we have today. 

                 Prehistoric and Ancient Near Eastern Art. It brought God’s to life that is why some people in this world still have their religious acts.

Section 2: Romanesque Art. It developed some religions like the Catholics.

                 Gothic Art. Bible stories were often told by their art works.

Section 3 : Early Renaissance in Italy.Paintings become more powerful because ideas were broad.

                 The Baroque and Rococo. This two have different styles of Art. Baroque Art is interpreted to produce drama, tension, exuberance and emotions. Rococo Art is light pastels, elaborate colors and they had a decorative style.

Section 4: 19th Century Art. It is more modernized. Paintings became more neat and artists had more ideas about paintings

                 20th Century. Many Artists made paintings that are modern till today, Artists paints things that inspires them and what they believe in 

19th Century and 20th Century are likely the same because they are both modernized the only difference is in the 20th century artist have neat ideas of paintings than 19th century. 






20th Century Art


Mme Matisse: Madras Rouge: 

Matisse, Henri (-Émile-Benoît) (b. Dec. 31, 1869, Le Cateau, Picardy, Fr.–d. Nov. 3, 1954, Nice)
artist often regarded as the most important French painter of the 20th century. Matisse pursued the expressiveness of colour throughout his career. His subjects were largely domestic or figurative, and a distinct Mediterranean verve presides in the treatment.

20th century art came to be known as modernism, which began in the 19th century. Movements such as Post Impressionism and Art Nouveau from the previous century led to Die Brucke inGermany as well as Fauvism in France. The heart of Die Brucke led to what was called Expressionism which called for the emotions. Kandinsky of Munich led another German group called the Der Blaue Reiter, which associated the blue rider imagery with spiritual/mystical art of the future. Cubism by Picasso rejected the plastic ideas of the Renaissance by introducing multiple dimensions to 2 dimensional images.

19th Century Art

Art in the 19th century began with the continuation of Neo-classicism and Romanticism into the mid-century. After that, a new classification of art became popular: modernism. The date 1863 is commonly identified as the beginning of modern art; it was the year that Edouard Manet exhibited the painting “Le dejeuner sur l’herbe” in Paris. This is not to say that he is the father of modern art, however, as there were many others also who embarked towards new styles which would all constitute the art period known as modernism.

The Baroque and Rocco

The Baroque style reflects the times. Paintings used exaggerated motion that was easily interpreted to produce drama, tension, exuberance and emotions. Baroque art grew during the 17th and 18th centuries. Baroque art placed great emphasis on high detail and overly ornate decorations.

Rococo art, however,was used with light pastels, elaborate colors and they had a decorative style. It always had a charming setting, with happy surroundings, such as people, or animals. Rococo paintings had delicate decorations such as flowers and shells. They showed noble subject in charming settings surrounded with pets and servants full of joy. Rococo was eventually replaced by Neoclassic art.

Early Renaissance in Italy

Public Domain image courtesy Wikimedia Commons

Workshop of Andrea del Verrocchio (Italian 1435-1488). Tobias and the Angel, 1470-80.

In the beginning of the 15th century the Italian renaissance began. The term Renaissance comes from the French word for rebirth. The period when everything upheaval in a number of domain, including painting and sculpture, and represented a break from the artistic traditions of the Middle Ages.

The artists and sculptors of the Italian Renaissance—Masaccio, Michelangelo, Raphael and Leonardo da Vinci—looked to the classical art of ancient Greece and Rome for inspiration. The Italian Renaissance was a time of great artistic productivity, and many of the works created during this period are the pride of world-class museum collections.

Perspective and Geometry

  • Paintings that give the illusion of three-dimensional space. Objects and figures appear to be bigger, than usual,  usually in the form of a triangle.


  • Figures and nature  that look more realistically than medieval artists. They made close studies of nature and the human body, sometimes going so far as to perform autopsies to gain a better understanding of human and animal anatomy.


  • Chiaroscuro comes from a combination of the Italian words for light and dark. Italian Renaissance artists used contrast between gradations of light and dark, or shading, to create volume, particularly when painting the human body. By using this technique, Renaissance artists  have created a three-dimensional figure, in contrast to the flat figure of medieval art.

Classical Themes

  • Medieval art was wholly devoted to religious themes, Italian Renaissance was inspired from the classical themes of Greek and Roman mythology. Italian Renaissance artists painted the the first nudes since the classical period.

Use of the Contropposto

  • Contropposto is a standing position, where most of the figure’s weight rests on only one foot. 


Romanesque Art

Medieval Crusaders

The Crusades were a series of Holy Wars launched by the Christian states of Europe against the Saracens. The term ‘Saracen’ was the word used to describe a Moslem during the time of the Crusades.

The Roman Empire was spit into two sections –

The Eastern which fell when the German Visigoths, led by Alaric, sacked Rome.

The Western part of the Empire disintegrated but the Eastern, or Byzantium Empire, stayed in tact.

Early Medieval Art reflect the differences between the development of the Catholic religion in the west and the Byzantium Empire of the east. The Catholic religion became divided in the Great SchismThe art period up to 1000AD is referred to as Pre-Romanesque art and after that date as Romanesque Art.

The style of Romanesque Art was characterised by

  • Medieval art in the form of brightly colored stained glass windows

  • Illuminated manuscripts

  • The colors in the art of this period were generally muted except those used in manuscripts and stained glass windows

  • Figures in Romanesque Art often varied in size in relation to their importance

  • Religious shrines and caskets were decorated with fine metals, gilt work and enamel

  • Romanesque embroidery including the Bayeux Tapestry

  • Large, stone, figurative sculptures

  • Small Ivory Carvings

  • Murals